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Little Known or Interesting Factoids About Trees and Tree Physiology

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                     Jim Rediker - Nurseryman -  Arborist  - TDA Certified
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What trees can I plant ?

Planting a variety of trees is recommended to provide a diverse landscape that is less susceptible to attack from one particular insect or disease. The following is a list of suggested tree species to replant in oak wilt affected areas in Central Texas: If you like the Spanish Oak or Live Oak, then plant them, the chances are they will survive as well.

LARGE TREES  (exceeding 40 feet in height at maturity)

  • American Elm - This tree grows with a unique vase-shaped form. Tens of millions of these trees have been destroyed in the United States and Europe by the Dutch elm fungus. The Liberty Elm trees planted Texas have not been infected as it is proven to be resistant to DED.
  • Bald Cypress - A majestic, deciduous conifer characteristic of swamps and river beds, but also grows well in yards and in urban settings. Can reach a height of 100 feet.
  • Bur Oak* - An excellent tree for oak wilt areas. This oak is a tall, stately tree that can grow to 80 feet or more with large, beautiful leaves. Once it is established, it is very drought resistant.Under exended periods of high heat and drought, supplemental watering is most important. Its large acorns, with their fringed cup, give this tree its common name of mossy cup oak.
  • Chinese (Lacebark) Elm (varieties Drake, TruGreen) - a fast-growing ornamental with showy bark reaching heights of 50 feet or so.
  • Chinquapin (or Chinkapin) Oak* -  Yellow oak or Chestnut oak. This deciduous oak grows up to 50 feet tall. Its saw-toothed leaves are shiny green above and fuzzy underneath. It grows fairly quickly and makes a good yard tree. A very nice tree and highly recommended.Does require water, as it usually grows along creek meadows. 
  • Montezuma Baldcypress - A large evergreen tree with a straight trunk and a broad crown. This tree is the national tree of Mexico and is closely related to the baldcypress typically found in the U.S.
  • Pecan - The pecan is the state tree of Texas. It's a fast growing deciduous tree, valued for its shade, beauty, and nut production.
  • Cedar Elm - This fine shade tree can reach a height of 90 feet. It is found commonly on limestone soils in the oak-elm-cedar woodlands of the Hill Country area.
  • Monterey Oak* -  (or Mexican White Oak) This tree can reach 70 feet tall. It's semi-evergreen; that is, it remains green until a cold snap in the winter turns its leaves brown. Monterey oak is a fast growing oak once the tap root is established. Drought and heat tolerant, however will require water in extended drought periods.
  • Spanish Oak ( or Texas Red Oak ) - A large tree with an open, rounded crown. Major lumber species. The wood is strong, hard and heavy. Prefers moist, sandy soils. The acorns are used by many species of wildlife.
  • Sycamore - A large tree with open, irregular crown and a large straight trunk common in wet soil along streams and rivers. Favored by turkeys as a roost tree because of its open canopy with heavy limbs and its ability to grow near water. Can grow to 80 ft.

From the white oak family,  Bur Oaks, Chinkapin Oaks, and Monterey Oaks are highly resistant to the oak wilt fungus and can be planted in areas affected by oak wilt disease.

MEDIUM TREES (25' to 40' in height at maturity)

  • Afghan Pine - A fast growing evergreen tree well adapted to dry, limestone sites.
  • Bigtooth Maple - Also known as canyon maple. Makes a beautiful ornamental due to its showy autumn color. Ideal for our alkaline soils.
  • Black Walnut - A large tree common in bottomlands, along streams and in moist upland sites.   Leaves look similar to those of pecan. Nuts are round, surrounded by a thick shell that turns black when mature in fall. Does well in landscape settings with ample water.
  • Chinese Pistache - A fast growing tree with compound leaves that turn red, crimson, and orange in the fall. This tree is resistant to pests and disease, is drought tolerant, and is now widely planted in the Texas Hill Country area.
  • Italian Stone Pine Broadly conical when young, then spreading flat-topped and umbrella-like with age. Grows to 25–40'. Picturesque trunk and branch structure with age. Slow to moderate growth. Needles are bright green. Grows well in alkaline soils. Takes drought and heat.
  • Live Oak - A medium-sized evergreen tree with a broad crown. Prefers sandy-loam soil but can occur in heavy clay soil. Often has large, heavy limbs close to the ground. Acorns are eaten by wildlife. Inspite of oak wilt proned, it is a ideal landscape tree. (See article "Live Oak Tree" ).
  • Mimosa  (or Silk Tree) - A medium-sized tree used mostly as an ornamental, escaped in localized areas.   Tolerant to a variety of sites and to drought and disease.
  • Western Soapberry - A small to medium sized tree with large leaves comprised of many leaflets that turn yellow in the fall. The white flowers grow in large clusters, however, the berries are poisonous.

SMALL TREES (8' to 25' in height at maturity) -- these trees are highly recommended  in  areas underneath and around overhead utilities.

  • American Smoketree - A small tree or shrub with a short trunk. It is named "smoketree" due to smokelike fruit clusters and stalks of flowers.
  • Bradford Pear -The Bradford pear grows 30 to 50 feet tall and 20 to 30 feet wide. It has a globe shape canopy and stands erect canopy than the species. A rapid grower (12 to 15 feet)The most attractive feature is the showy white flowers that appear in spring, usually before the leaves. In the fall the leaves turn mahogany-red and sometimes bright orange-red in late autumn.

Bradford Pear in full blossom 

  • Carolina Buckthorn - A shrub or small tree that grows well in limestone soils which are typical of the Hill Country. The berries are a popular food among songbirds and other wildlife.
  • Cherry Laurel - It is one of the more interesting winter trees, popular for its evergreen foliage and bird-attracting fruit. Their glossy, dark-green oblong leaves are 4 to 6 inches long. Tiny cream-colored flowers form in tail-like clusters in spring and dark purple fruit follows in summer and fall.They are self-seeders and grow from 15 to 20 feet tall.
  • Chitalpa - A mix of catalpa and desert willow trees. Also see: Desert Willow.
  • Crape Myrtle - This deciduous shrub or tree is native to China. It's long, flowering period throughout summer, and attractive branch and trunk patterns make this a popular ornamental tree throughout the TexasHill Country.
  • Possumhaw Holly - Also known as Possumhaw or Deciduos holly. A shrub or small tree with bright red berries in the winter. These berries attract songbirds and other wildlife. It is a relative of the evergreen Yopon Holly.
  • Desert Willow - Not related to willows, this large shrub or small tree has willowlike leaves and small bell-shaped flowers which bloom in late spring to early summer.
  • Flameleaf Sumac - A shrub or tree that has brilliant color in fall, turning red, yellow, and orange. The fruit is a cluster of red berries which attract numerous bird species.
  • Goldenrain Tree - A small tree growing to 25 feet tall with a rounded crown. Its name comes from the long flowing clusters of yellow flowers.
  • Japanese Black Pine - An evergreen native to Japan with an irregular spreading crown. This tree can be sheared into Christmas tree form or grown as a bonsai.
  • Mexican Buckeye - A native shrub or small tree with a irregular crown reaching 25 feet tall. Fragrant, showy pink flowers bloom in the spring. The hard seeds are poisonous but are sometimes used by children as marbles.
  • Mexican Plum - A shrub or small tree growing up to 20 feet tall. It has attractive white flowers that bloom around March and dark purple, edible fruit which wildlife may feed on.
  • Mountain Laurel - A shrub or small evergreen tree with a rounded crown. Widely planted in yards around the Austin area. Has bluish-purple flowers in spring that have a sweet fragrance. The flowers and seeds however are poisonous.
  • Rough Leaf Dogwood - A small tree or shrub with white flowers and a small white fruit which birds eat. Can be a problem in yards because it sprouts readily and may create thickets.
  • Texas Persimmon - This small tree is well adapted to the limestone soil around the Hill Country. The edible fruit ripens in late summer.
  • Texas Redbud - This shrub or small tree is a member of the legume family. Its clusters of pinkish flowers appear before the heart-shaped leaves in the spring.
  • Yaupon Holly - This evergreen holly can grow in extremely alkaline soils. It matures into a shrub or small tree.  It is the evergreen variey of the Deciduous Holly or Possumhaw Holly. The foliage remains year around with bright red or orange berries in winter providing food for the winter songbirds.


Live Oak


Red Bud

Contact: cell: 830.257.8871
                
email: jim.rediker@usa.net
                     Jim Rediker - Nurseryman -  Arborist  - TDA Certified
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